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Meeting external, internal, and eternal needs



Space … the Final Frontier. These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise. Its five-year mission: to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no man has gone before.


Whether you are a Trekkie or not, you’ve probably heard some of this statement describing the voyage and mission of the Starship Enterprise spaceship. The infamous Captain Kurt and Mr. Spock journeyed beyond the borders of planet Earth looking for new worlds and people. In Acts 1:8 Jesus states that the mission of the Church, empowered by the authority of the Holy Spirit, is to witness on His behalf in, “… Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest parts of the world.”  This is the mission—the statement that describes the voyage of the church into the homes, communities, cities, and world in which the gospel needs to be preached. This mission causes us to leave the four walls and reach those who may never come into our church. With the new dynamics of multi-sites and multi-campuses and cultural blending, our churches are experiencing great opportunity to reach and minister to different ethnicities more than ever in the life of the modern local church.


Churches, schools, businesses, organizations and even hospitals have asked me about reaching kids in their community. They want to get kids connected to the resources they have to offer, and, in the case of the church, the gospel. But, there seems to be an apathy or disinterest among families toward seeking help or education, especially in the urban and rural areas. This is where urban outreach becomes a fertile frontier. The opportunity is there, but how do you reach them? The approach should be a different outreach dynamic.


What the church often does in a new area and community is go in offering what the church thinks is important. That ends up being theology or apologetics. But, when it comes to urban and rural communities, ministry must reach the stomach before it reaches the head or the heart.


I am reminded of Jesus in John 6. After healing a man at the pool of Bethesda and teaching concerning His position as equal with God the Father, He decides to go to the other side of the Sea of Galilee. With His popularity growing, He seeks shelter and quiet, but people had heard so much about His healing and miracles from the marketplace and throughout the inner cities. They followed Him even into the mountains where He often sought rest and quiet. On this particular occasion, seeing them coming, Jesus knew these people were drawn to the excitement and the goodies of what He had to offer. Two of the things I’ve come to realize that draws the most attention in urban areas are food and free, especially if you put them together. When Jesus looked at this crowd He did not think Sunday school class or that this was a great opportunity for a camp meeting, tent revival or vacation Bible school. Jesus thought BBQ! He saw physical needs.


Ministry in urban areas should always begin with seeking and seeing the need of the community. You cannot go into poor, economically challenged areas or cities and begin with eternal security classes. People in those areas have real needs. So, you start with meeting the external need first. What are the needs of the households, streets, community, and city? Even greater than “what” is the question of “why.” Why is this community hurting? Why is this community in need? Answering this question often reveals what the needs are and how to meet them. In my church community there is a high unemployment rate and school dropout rate. Therefore, we do job fairs and tutoring for young kids. We offer GED classes for high school students and adults. Does the community lack good health care? Our children’s ministry partnered with State Farm and a local health center to host a safety and health fair. Because of the lack of after-school programs and extra-curricular activities for kids, we started a Boys and Girls Club right in our church administration building. When you answer the why questions, the vision will start to take shape. Go to some of the local businesses, if there are any. Go to the local school council meetings. See what the conditions of the schools are in the neighborhood. Why are the people hurting? Real urban ministry involves the condition of the whole community. Jesus saw that the people were hungry initially, so He sought to feed their stomachs.


As the people in John 6 sat down and were being fed, Jesus realized from conversations that they had internal needs as well. They seemed to have an identity complex. Self-esteem and low self-image were real problems. They did not understand nor grasp the truth behind Jesus’ miracles; they had to be convinced by signs and wonders that Jesus really was who He said He was. They were the show-me type.


Having faith in other people and hope for the plight of their community is often difficult for those who have never experienced certain luxuries. They don’t trust others and even if they have external things like cars and clothing (if they have access to them), these things cannot replace a broken and dysfunctional family structure or community climate. After physical needs are met, you may find out that there are patterns of behavior that perpetuate the lack of resources. This results in the need for counseling or even legal advice. Often financial planning and work training programs are necessary to help parents in these communities. Children who lack fathers in their homes will need Boy and Girl Scout troops and other mentorship programs to help them develop life skills, personal discipline, and structure. Partnering with local schools and businesses for space and safe environments will be the biggest challenge. It is necessary to create healthy community environments where kids can play and learn. The goal for meeting these internal needs is to spark faith and hope as Jesus had to do with the crowd of people He encountered.


Finally, now that you have developed the relationships and God has granted you an open door for this type of needs-based community development and ministry, the final step is to meet the eternal needs. Jesus, in John 6:66-69, asked the disciples and those who chose to follow Him if they would give up and go back to their normal, dismal way of life. Those who stayed with Jesus realized that the reason they were hurting was actually due to the lack of understanding of greater purpose and spiritual depth. They realized that their lives were in need of eternal connection with Christ.


After you have convinced those kids in the urban community that you care because God cares, you will see a radical response and change in the life and lifestyles of the kids and their families. Programs like Awana and Sidewalk Sunday Schools will help develop and sustain the spiritual life of a once desperate and hungry community.


Is it the job of the local church to build a broken community? Is it the responsibility of the church to change the climate of a hopeless community? Go to the inner city basketball courts or local youth center. Follow the nightly news stories of the sad things happening among urban children and youth in broken communities; then, ask yourself if this is my responsibility? Look into the eyes of an 11-year-old child who has autism but can’t afford to be placed in a better school. Or, face a child who has bad grades and has been suspended 4 or 5 times in several months because they need glasses and can’t afford them. What about the boy who is helping raise his little brother or the young girl who dresses her even younger sister because mom is at work or too strung out to care. Ask yourself if this is what Jesus was saying when He said, “But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you shall be my witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, even to the remotest part of the earth.” (Acts 1:8).


This is your new mandate:

Urban Community, the Fertile Frontier.

These are the challenges for the biblical Kingdom. Its lifetime mission: to explore and evangelize strange new kids, communities, and worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations with the gospel, to boldly go where your church has NOT gone before.







About the Author

With 22 years of experience in children’s and youth ministry, E. C. is the children’s pastor and online community specialist at Salem Baptist Church of Chicago. He consults for churches and conferences in the area of leadership development and children’s ministry development.